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Application of Artificial Intelligence Technology in Automatic Detec-tion of large Intestine Polyps

Martin Alonso Gomez-Zuleta, iego Fernando Cano-Rosales, Diego Fernando Bravo-Higuera, Josue Andre Ruano-Balseca, Eduardo Romero-Castro

Abstract


Objective: to establish an automatic colonoscopy method based on artificial intelligence. Methods: a public database established by a university hospital was used, including colorectal fat and data collection. Initially, all frames in the video are normalized to reduce the high variability between databases. Then, the convolution neural network is used for full depth learning to complete the detection task of polyps. The network starts with the weights learned from millions of natural images in the ImageNet database. According to the fine-tuning technology, the colonoscopy image is used to update the network weight. Finally, the detection of polyps is performed by assigning the probability of containing Po ́ lipo to each table and determining the threshold defined when polyps appears in the table. Results: 1875 cases were collected from 5 public databases and databases established by university hospitals, with a total of 123046 forms. The method was trained and evaluated. Comparing the results with the scores of different colonoscopy experts, the accuracy was 0.77, the sensitivity was 0.89, the specificity was 0.71, and the ROC curve (re ceiver operation characteristics) was 0.87. Conclusion: compared with experienced gastrointestinal markers, this method overcomes the high variability of different types of lesions and different colonic light conditions (handle, folding or contraction), has very high sensitivity, and can reduce human errors, which is one of the main factors leading to the non detection or leakage of Po lipids in colonoscopy.


Keywords


Machine Colonoscopy; Colorectal cancer; Polyp; Screening; Artificial intelligence

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32629/jai.v4i2.503

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Copyright (c) 2022 Martin Alonso Gomez-Zuleta, iego Fernando Cano-Rosales, Diego Fernando Bravo-Higuera, Josue Andre Ruano-Balseca, Eduardo Romero-Castro

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